The Moscow computer Forum
On October, 19-20th, 2004 in Moscow has transited traditional IntelDeveloper Forum (IDF) — the largest international computer Forum
By already added tradition in this autumn in Moscow, in a building of presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the next Forum led by corporation of Intel for implementators hardware and the software — IDF has taken place .
Since 2002 the Forum became the traditional cultural-technical phenomenon for our country. Current is the fourth similar action for Russia: 2002, 2003, and now and in 2004 , — in Moscow, in May, 2004 — in Novosibirsk.
During Forum actions its participants get acquainted with the last developments in the field of high technologies, and also with results of their implantation in various spheres of a life, starting from the industry, large, average and a small-scale business and finishing derivation and leisure. It is necessary to mark, that the first character in the Forum name is linked to Intel corporation, however it means International or Industrial as IDF mirror reachings of all branch more likely.
Estimating value of Forum IDF, it is necessary to mark, that at its sessions many outstanding products and processing techniques have been announced. So, for example, on IDF such developments as the transportable version of the processor of Intel of Pentium II (1998), a platform of the server processor of Intel Itanium and the architecture of Intel XScale (2000) for a handheld computer for the first time have been sounded , transportable variants of processors of Intel of Pentium 4 (2001), and further Intel of Pentium M, etc. Besides, still were processing techniques AGP, PCI Express, Serial ATA, Gigabit Ethernet, Intel Centrino, Wi-Fi, Hyper Threading, EM64T, La Grande, Vanderpool, and also features of a used procedure and architectures of microchips. And it far do not weigh the list of revolutionary developments in which accept active involvement the leading companies of the world.
The enumerated products and processing techniques became major landmarks in history of development of high technologies and have influenced economic. The contribution to these processes is brought also by domestic sessions of this action on which the reachings share not only foreign, but also the Russian IT companies. This year in operation Moscow IDF have taken part over 1500 experts and more than 300 journalists.
Photo 1. An emblem Moscow IDF
About a role of Russia and that attention which is given to this market by the largest manufacturer of hardware-software resources, says that fact, that the first Moscow IDF in 2002 was opened by the chief executive of corporation of Intel Krejg Barrett (Craig Barrett).
The subsequent years our country was visited repeatedly by many bosses of Intel who have read a significant amount of lectures. At these lectures they shared the experience of implantation of perspective processing techniques in various branches of an economic mechanism. Besides, together with the Russian experts they gave forecasts of development of computer processing techniques, marked planning errors, and quite often and criticised slow rates of their implantation.
Photo 2. A building of presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Constructive dialogue has been continued and within the limits of current Forum IDF in Moscow where with plenary reports representatives of the top management of corporation of Intel have appeared.
Besides 5 key reports of representatives of the top management of corporation of Intel, gathered have heard also 3 plenary reports from the companies-leaders of the industry and the largest consumers of information technologies. Besides, 50 hours of technical seminars within the limits of 7 streams (cross-country-architectural the software, a hardware, mobility and convergence of processing techniques, telecommunication solutions, solutions for firms and experience of their usage, scientific and technical developments, a sponsor's stream), 18 hours of the laboratory operations, open desktops with leading experts from various areas of the computer and telecommunication industry were offered to participants of the Forum. Participants of the Forum could visit also an exhibition of processing techniques, products and the solutions, the allocated on more than 80 benches.
Opening the Forum, the president of Intel in Russia Steve Chejz (Steve Chase) has analyzed perspectivity of developments in computer area on an example of the researches led by corporation of Intel in Russia.
From negative features of the Russian computer market he has marked that fact, that only 5 % of firms actively use technical innovations in business. The sector of innovations makes less than 1 % of gross national product, that essentially less than the developed countries and even «China which because of economy scales these investments has more». All it does not promote abbreviation of existing scientific and technological backlog.
Photo 3. Boris Babayan and Steve Chejz
The lecturer has counted the mentioned facts as serious obstacles for external investments and fast development of Russia. Besides, there are serious problems of protection of intellectual property that frightens off the foreign investors, capable to share the newest products and processing techniques. Moreover, even many local implementators do not see perspectives for the Russian market. As a result, competitiveness and attractiveness of other countries, as a rule, appears essentially above, there is a leakage flow of scientific talents, and the Russian economy very strongly depends on raw sector of economy which operates with not filled resources and does not differ the stable income.
However as the main internal advantages of Russia have been named "traditional tendency to invent", and also traditional high level of derivation in the field of natural sciences. It leaves chances of Russia is taken an appropriate place among the rich, developed countries.
In the performance Steve Chejz has repeated an appeal of the head of Intel of Krejga Barrett (Craig Barrett) "to make information technologies one more natural resources of Russia".
Sodokladchikom Steve Chejza academician Boris Babayan, a member of the correspondent of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the general director of company "Elbrus", the head of the research project of Intel in Russia has appeared. Being in the recent past the designer of some the Soviet COMPUTERS, such as three generations of powerful computer complexes "Elbruses", he has told about history of development of domestic computers.
He has marked, that: «the Economy of Russia traditionally is« a weak link »when speech comes about development in territory of the country of the projects demanding the big efforts and financial injections».
Making comments on recent acquisition by corporation of Intel of company "Elbrus" and "unipro" in which result in which result the number of employees of Intel in Russia has passed for one thousand, Boris Babayan has marked: «For our experts cooperation from Intel — powerful motivation. Intel in a state to provide with all necessary resources the most difficult and courageous research projects that will allow us to quit on absolutely new qualitative level in researches. Now our employees can realise completely the creative potential which in other circumstances could be not claimed».
In summary Boris Babayan it has called «more resolutely not only to develop the ideas, but also to find the necessary words that these ideas to advance and realise the developments», and Steve Chejz has added: "If possibility drops out, access to members of the government that they gave more attention to innovations and intellectual development sphere, and also questions of protection of intellectual property".
The following report presented Frenkom Spindlerom (Frank Spindler), the vice-president of Intel Corporate Technology Group and director Industry Technology Programs, has been devoted the browse of the future reform of the architecture of the Internet.
The matter is that the Internet originally created as rather small dedicated system, intended for transmission of small messages, developed so promptly, that were stored set of problems. To these to problems the size, dependability, safety, availability concern.
Really, every year to a wide-area network are hooked up ten thousand new arrangements. It leads to load growth. Sizes and a variety of the handled information besides, increase. In additives numerous viruses and low capacity of communication facilities quite often break functioning of a network and worsen "response time" metrics.
To solve some of existing problems project PlanetLab in which frames a number of resources is offered is called. A part from them allow to generate the specialised monitoring system of attacks and their sources. The information gathered by the given service, it is possible to use for rise of dependability of operation. Others are called quality of transmission infrmatsii at the expense of installation of multimedia proxy servers.
From other reports it is necessary to mark the report, Richard Virta (Richard Wirt), the general manager and the high honourable employee of Intel Software and Solutions Group.
He has told about perspectives of new processing techniques of Intel in the application to business tasks. It was a question of such developments as, for example, Active Management Technology (iAMT) and Vanderpool, allowing to control corporate informational networks. There is a possibility of handle of computers even in case of their locking, glitch, impossibility to boot from a hard disk and even deenergization. Thanks to hardware modification of computer accessories protection against virus attacks and unauthorized access to the confidential information raises also.
Photo 4. Richard Virta's performance
The report part has been devoted multinuclear processors. According to Intel estimation with multinuclear processors will be completed in 2006 more than 40 % of desktop computers, more than 85 % of servers, more than 70 % of transportable systems.
By this time processors will be released on 65 nanometers tehprotsessu, 35 nanometers operating with transistors with locks of 1,2 nanometers (it is all some atoms). It will promote further rise of density of allocation of transistors. By the way, if to trust Moore's law, their number in processors can reach 300 million, and in server variants of Intel Itanium closely will come nearer in billion.
The big number of transistors will provide implementation of the most arrogant schedules. It both productivity rise, and new processing techniques and sites.
One of promptly developing processing techniques and arrangements are that link and mobility at all levels provide, starting from business and finishing home applications of computer arrangements.
John Dejvisa's reports (John Davies), the vice-president of Intel Sales and Marketing Group and directors Solutions Market Development Group and Sandry Morris (Sandra Morris), the vice-president and the general manager of Intel Communications Group Business Operations and Services have been devoted this subject.
In particular, Sandra Morris the big attention has given to problems of development of wireless processing techniques, especially technologists WiMAX. By estimations of experts of Intel, the new generation of platforms of wireless data transfer is necessary for 2006-2007, 2007-2008 in corporation schedules are designated as "crossover point" WiMAX, these years a share of the notebooks supporting this processing technique, will exceed 50 % from total amount of deliveries of transportable computers.
Considering reachings of foreign designer thought it would be unfair to hold back successes of development of the domestic IT companies. So, for example, general director Kraftway Computers, being the general sponsor Moscow IDF and one of the largest manufacturers of servers in Russia, has declared about rashirenii production and activity. This company Kraftway Computers has concluded with company SGI (before known as Silicon Graphics) the OEM-agreement on which she can sell server SGI extending to 512 processors Itanium under the brand.
Other Russian manufacturer of servers — company Arbyte has informed, that becomes the official distributor and service centre on all spectrum of solutions SGI in Russia.
Photo 5. The computer exhibition led within the limits of IDF
Products of these and other Russian companies have been widely presented at a led exhibition within the limits of Moscow IDF. Among these products participants of a computer Forum could familiarise with a wide spectrum of products, starting from mobile phones, smart phones, a handheld computer and notebooks, to powerful workstations and the completed hardware-software complexes created on the basis of multiprocessor servers of a domestic production.
It is necessary to mark, that in short article there is no possibility to shine all events of so representative action, as Moscow IDF.
In summary it is necessary to add, that Intel corporation has decided to lead following Russian IDF in Moscow in April of next year.
Article is published in log Business the Class.